A pneumatic rifle, also known as an air rifle, is a type of firearm that uses compressed air or gas to propel a projectile, typically a pellet or BB, at a target. Pneumatic rifles rely on the principles of pneumatics, which involve the use of pressurized air to perform mechanical work.
Here's how a pneumatic rifle typically works:
Air Reservoir: Pneumatic rifles have an air reservoir, which can be a built-in tank or a detachable air cylinder. This reservoir stores compressed air at a specific pressure level, and it serves as the power source for the rifle.
Barrel and Pellet: The rifle has a barrel where the projectile (usually a lead pellet) is loaded. The pellet is placed in the breech of the barrel before firing.
Valve Mechanism: Pneumatic rifles have a valve mechanism that controls the release of compressed air from the reservoir into the barrel. When the trigger is pulled, the valve opens, allowing the pressurized air to flow into the barrel behind the pellet.
Projectile Propulsion: The sudden release of compressed air creates a high-pressure burst that propels the pellet down the barrel and out of the muzzle at high speed.
Pneumatic rifles can vary in terms of their power source and the mechanism used to pressurize the air. They can be divided into two main categories:
Pre-charged Pneumatic (PCP) Rifles: These rifles are charged with air from an external source, such as a hand pump or a high-pressure air tank. PCP rifles are known for their consistent power and accuracy, making them popular among competitive shooters and hunters.
Pump Pneumatic Rifles: These rifles have an integrated pump mechanism, often located under the barrel or on the side of the stock. The shooter manually pumps the rifle to pressurize the air reservoir before each shot. The number of pumps typically determines the power of the shot.
Pneumatic rifles are used for a variety of purposes, including target shooting, pest control, small game hunting, and recreational shooting. They are known for their relatively quiet operation, low recoil, and accuracy, which makes them suitable for various shooting applications. Additionally, pneumatic rifles are often used for training and introducing beginners to shooting sports due to their ease of use and reduced noise compared to traditional firearms.
Cape Fear Airguns specializes in the sale and after-purchase support of PCP pneumatic rifles and related accessories.